Pre-Trip Research...

Location of your site:

Gush Etzion- Judean Mountains directly south of Jerusalem and Bethlehem in the West bank.
Kfar Etzion- Judean hill between Jerusalem and Hebron in the southern West Bank.

Geographical Features (Include a Picture or Map):

Kraf Etzion- It is a hot, arid, dry area with some trees and crops.
external image GushEt201.jpg

Gush Etzion- Also an arid area that has a good amount of trees and bushes around the area.
external image images?q=tbn:ANd9GcTgP61V3PmHaj-UaCEGSKRtOV-z6J38HS39LqQYlem4Av_WozST2g

The Meaning of the Name of your Site:

Kfar Etzion- Camp Etzion
Gush Etzion- Etzion Settlement

Historical Background/Significance:

Gush Etzion-
The core group includes four agricultural villages that were founded in 1940-1947 on property purchased in the 1920s and 1930s, and destroyed before the outbreak of the 1948 Arab-Israeli war. The area was left outside the 1949 Armistice lines. These settlements were rebuilt after the 1967 6-day war, along with new communities that have expanded the area of the Etzion Bloc.The international community considers Israeli settlements in the West Bank illegal under national law, but the Israeli government disputes this.

Kfar Etzion-

In 1943-1947, the kibbutz movement sent out groups of settlers to establish four Kibbutzim, creating what became known as the Etzion block. Kfar Etzion, Ein Tzurim, Massu'otYitzhak and Revadim were destroyed in the 1948 Arab-Israeli war and the entire area came under Jordanian rule. The kibbutzim held off the attacks for ten days until Kfar Etzion fell. In the Kfar Etzion massacre on May 14, 157 Jewish inhabitants of the village were murdered, as all but four of the inhabitants were executed by Arab legion and irregular forces. The other three kibbutzim surrendered. The inhabitants there were taken as POW's (prisoners of war) and released nine months later. In 1967 Israel gained control over the West Bank in the Six day war. The Israeli cabinet decided to re-establish the settlement of Kfar Etzion despite receiving legal advice that establishing such settlements in occupied territory would be illegal under the 4th Geneva convention. Today, Kfar Etzion houses a Museum and archive documenting their history.

Do other Cultures or Religions have connections to your site?:

Arabs- Destroyed both the Gush and the Kfar Etzion

Connect a Talmudic/Biblical saying to your site:

“Hire yourself out to work, which is beneath you, rather than become dependent on others”- Talmud

Share any Midrash, Fables, or other “stories” about the site:

Now You're ready to create a multimedia presentation in Hebrew for class here in America.

    • [Link your Presentation here if applicable]

You're also responsible for a brief "Tour Guide" presentation in ENGLISH to be given at your site in Israel.

    • [Type your English "Tour Guide" script here]

After the Trip...

Picture From your Site.

[Add a photo from your trip to the site here]


[Write a brief reflection on your visit to your site. Was your experience what you expected? Did you learn something new? What was it like experiencing this place in person...]