Pre-Trip Research...

Julian Ribak

Location of your site:

The tunnel is adjacent to the Western Wall and is located under buildings of the Old City of Jerusalem.

Geographical Features (Include a Picture or Map):

While the open-air portion of the Western Wall is approximately 60 metres (200 ft) long, the majority of its original length is hidden underground. The tunnel allows access to an additional 485 metres (1,591 ft) of the wall.

The Meaning of the Name of your Site:

Rabbi Zvi Hirsch Kaindenover cites the Zohar which writes that the word kotel, meaning wall, is made up of two parts: “Ko”, which has the numerical value of God’s name, and “Tel”, meaning mount, which refers to the Temple which is the Western Wall.

Historical Background/Significance:

The Western Wall and the Kotel Tunnels in Jerusalem is a site with a long history of ritual importance, commencing with the Iron Age (10th century) when King Solomon built a temple on this site. Throughout the following periods, the mount was used, almost continually, as the site of three Jewish temples (Solomon, Neherm'ah, Herod), a pagan temple (Roman Period), as the site of Islamic mosques and holy place, and for a short period as a Christian site (during the Crusader period). For centuries, the site has been of utmost religious importance, in particular to the Jews and Moslems, and to a lesser extent to the Christians. Both the Temple Mount itself and its immediate surroundings contain numerous finds of great archaeological and historical importance.

Do other Cultures or Religions have connections to your site?:

Today, the Wailing Wall is a part of the wall surrounding the Muslim Mosques on Temple Mount.The name Wailing Walled is named 'El-Burak' by the Muslims, after the winged horse that brought Muhammad the prophet in the Night Journey (Asra) from Mekka to Jerusalem. Tradition says that Muhammad tied the horse to the Western Wall, and entered a cave located on Temple Mount (today inside the dome of the rock). From there, an angel took him to meet Moses, Jesus, Elijah the Prophet and other prophets. This is when he saw the Heaven and Hell and the destiny awaiting man after death.

Connect a Talmudic/Biblical saying to your site:

Share any Midrash, Fables, or other “stories” about the site:

[Link or Copy and Paste story here]

Now You're ready to create a multimedia presentation in Hebrew for class here in America.

    • [Link your Presentation here if applicable]

You're also responsible for a brief "Tour Guide" presentation in ENGLISH to be given at your site in Israel.

    • [Type your English "Tour Guide" script here]

After the Trip...

Picture From your Site.

[Add a photo from your trip to the site here]


[Write a brief reflection on your visit to your site. Was your experience what you expected? Did you learn something new? What was it like experiencing this place in person...]