Pre-Trip Research...

  • This Site might focus on: Past, present, and future; JNF planting of trees in Israel

Location of your site:

it is located in northern Israel. From the Mediterranean Sea towards the southeast of Jenin.
It is home to one of the most striking spiritual battles in the Old Testament.

Geographical Features (Include a Picture or Map):

its a mountain range; 39 km long which is equal to 24 miles long. Its about 4-5 miles wide.
The sloped side of the mountain is covered with luxuriant vegetation, including oak, pine, olive, and laurel trees.

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The Meaning of the Name of your Site:

A Catholic religious order was found on Mount Carmel in the 12th century, named the Carmelites.

Historical Background/Significance:

Between 1930 and 1932, Dorothy Garrod cleared four caves, and a number of rock shelters, in the Carmel mountain.Garrod discovered Neanderthal and early modern human remains, including the skeleton of a Neanderthal female, named Tabun I; which is one of the most important human fossils ever found.The excavation at el-Tabun produced the longest stratigraphic record in the region, spanning 600,000 or more years of human activity; from the Lower Paleolithic, to the present day, representing roughly a million years of human evolution.Taken together, these emphasize the paramount significance of the Mount Carmel caves for the study of human cultural and biological evolution within the framework of palaeo-ecological changes.

Do other Cultures or Religions have connections to your site?:

Yes, Egyptologists such as Maspero believe, then it would indicate that the mountain headland was considered sacred from at least the 15th century BC. According to the Books of Kings, there was an altar to God on the mountain, which had fallen into ruin by the time of Ahab, but Elijah built a new one.Iamblichus describes Pythagoras visiting the mountain on account of its reputation for sacredness, stating that it was the most holy of all mountains, and access was forbidden to many, while Tacitus states that there was an oracle situated there, which Vespasian visited for a consultation; Tacitus states that there was an altar there; but without any image upon it, and without a temple around it.

Connect a Talmudic/Biblical saying to your site:

It is home to one of the most striking spiritual battles in the Old Testament.

Share any Midrash, Fables, or other “stories” about the site:

The biggest thing to have happened there is Elijah and the Baal challenge. This event is supposed to have occurred on Mt. Muhraka, a point of the Carmel range to the southeast. Elijah was a prophet of the LORD and taught in the self-made "school of the prophets." This account of Elijah's confrontation with the priests of Baal begins when he has this conversation with King Ahab in 1 Kings 18:18-19, "I have not made trouble for Israel," Elijah replied. "But you and your father's family have. You have abandoned the LORD's commands and have followed the Baals. Now summon the people from all over Israel to meet me on Mount Carmel. And bring the four hundred and fifty prophets of Baal and the four hundred prophets of Asherah, who eat at Jezebel's table."

The Baal challenge is when the Elijah challenged the prophets of Baal to a competition. The competition was that the priests of Baal would pray to their god and ask him to light a fire under their sacrifice. What basically happened was that the Baal prophets could not get their false god to light their fire. Though they cut themselves and screamed to the heavens, nothing happened. Eventually Elijah called them over, drenched his altar, then prayed to God. God lit the soaked altar with fire from Heaven and it continued to burn. The terrified prophets tried to run but Elijah had them chased down and killed.

We know that Elisha, Elijah's successor, lived on Mt. Carmel. 2 Kings 4 tells the story of the Shunammite's son restored to life. That woman sent her friend to Mt. Carmel to get Elishah to come help her. Also, it is possible for other prophets to at least have lived there because of the "school of prophets"' listed early in this report.

Now You're ready to create a multimedia presentation in Hebrew for class here in America.

    • [Link your Presentation here if applicable]

You're also responsible for a brief "Tour Guide" presentation in ENGLISH to be given at your site in Israel.

    • [Type your English "Tour Guide" script here]

After the Trip...

Picture From your Site.

[Add a photo from your trip to the site here]


[Write a brief reflection on your visit to your site. Was your experience what you expected? Did you learn something new? What was it like experiencing this place in person...]